Last updated on September 7th, 2022 at 11:14 am
Alibaba Group was founded in 1999 by 18 individuals of different backgrounds, led by a former English teacher from Hangzhou, China – Jack Ma.
Alibaba group founders – Jack Ma
With the passion and desire to champion small businesses, Jack Ma founders strongly believed the Internet would be the key driving force to level the playing field for all, by empowering small businesses with technology and innovation, so they can grow and compete more effectively in domestic and global economies.
Alibaba Group Holding Limited
Alibaba Group Holding Ltd provide the technology infrastructure and marketing reach to help merchants, brands and other businesses to leverage the power of new technology to engage with their users and customers and operate in a more efficient way.
Alibaba Group Holding Ltd businesses are comprised of
- Core Commerce,
- Cloud computing,
- Digital media and Entertainment,
- and innovation initiatives.
In addition, Ant Group, an unconsolidated related party, provides payment services and offers financial services for consumers and merchants on platforms. A digital economy has developed around our platforms and businesses that consists of consumers, merchants, brands, retailers, third-party service providers, strategic alliance partners and other businesses.
Alibaba group subsidiaries
some of the main Alibaba group subsidiaries.
The Alibaba digital economy generated RMB7,053 billion (US$1 trillion) in GMV in the twelve months ended March 31, 2020, which mainly included GMV of RMB6,589 billion (US$945 billion) transacted through China retail marketplaces, as well as GMV transacted through international retail marketplaces and local consumer services.
Core Commerce Business of Alibaba
Alibaba Group Holding Ltd core commerce business is comprised of the following businesses: (Alibaba group subsidiaries)
• Retail commerce – China;
• Wholesale commerce – China;
• Retail commerce – cross-border and global;
• Wholesale commerce – cross-border and global;
• Logistics services; and
• Consumer services.
so these are the list of Alibaba group subsidiaries
so these are the list of main Alibaba group subsidiaries.
Retail Commerce – China
Alibaba Group is the largest retail commerce business in the world in terms of GMV in the twelve months ended March 31, 2020, according to Analysys. In fiscal year 2020, The Company generated approximately 65% of revenue from our retail commerce business in China.
The Company operate China retail marketplaces, consisting of Taobao Marketplace, China’s largest mobile commerce destination with a large and growing social community, and Tmall, the world’s largest third-party online and mobile commerce platform for brands and retailers, in each case in terms of GMV in the twelve months ended March 31, 2020, according to Analysys.
Wholesale Commerce – China
1688.com, China’s leading integrated domestic wholesale marketplace in 2019 by revenue, according to Analysys, connects wholesale buyers and sellers across a wide range of categories. Lingshoutong (零售通) connects FMCG brand manufacturers and
their distributors directly to small retailers in China by facilitating the digitalization of small retailers’ operation, who in turn are able to offer their customers broader selections of products.
Retail Commerce – Cross-border and Global
The Company operate Lazada, a leading and fast-growing e-commerce platform in Southeast Asia for SMEs, regional and global brands. Lazada provides consumers with access to a broad range of offerings, serving over 70 million unique consumers in the
twelve months ended March 31, 2020. The Company also believe Lazada runs one of the largest e-commerce logistics networks in the region.
More than 75% of Lazada’s parcels went through its own facilities or first-mile fleet during the same period. AliExpress, one of global retail marketplaces, enables consumers from around the world to buy directly from manufacturers and distributors in China and around the world.
The Company also operate Tmall Taobao World, a Chineselanguage e-commerce platform, to allow overseas Chinese consumers to shop directly from Chinese domestic brands and retailers. For import commerce, Tmall Global allows overseas brands and retailers to reach Chinese consumers, and is the largest import e-commerce platform in China based on GMV in the twelve months ended March 31, 2020, according to Analysys.
In September 2019, The Company acquired Kaola, an import e-commerce platform in China, to further broaden our offerings and strengthen our leadership in cross-border retail commerce and globalization initiatives. We also operate Trendyol, a leading
e-commerce platform in Turkey, and Daraz, a leading e-commerce platform across South Asia with key markets in Pakistan and Bangladesh.
Wholesale Commerce – Cross-border and Global
The Company operate Alibaba.com, China’s largest integrated international online wholesale marketplace in 2019 by revenue, according to Analysys. During fiscal year 2020, buyers on Alibaba.com who sourced business opportunities or completed transactions were located in approximately 190 countries.
Alibaba group Logistics Services
The Company operate Cainiao Network, a logistics data platform and global fulfillment network that primarily leverages the capacity and capabilities of logistics partners. Cainiao Network offers domestic and international one-stop-shop logistics services and supply chain management solutions, fulfilling various logistics needs of merchants and consumers at scale, serving digital economy and beyond.
The Company use Cainiao Network’s data insights and technology to facilitate the digitalization of the entire warehousing and delivery process, thereby improving efficiency across the logistics value chain.
For example, the company provide realtime access to data for merchants to better manage their inventory and warehousing, for consumers to track their orders, and for express courier companies to optimize delivery routes.
Furthermore, consumers can pick up their packages at Cainiao Post, neighborhood delivery solutions that operate a network of community stations, campus stations and smart pickup lockers. Consumers can also schedule pickups of packages for delivery within two hours on the Cainiao Guoguo app.
In addition, the company operate Fengniao Logistics, Ele.me’s local on-demand delivery network, to timely deliver food, beverages and groceries, among other products.
The Company use mobile and online technology to enhance the efficiency, effectiveness and convenience of consumer services for both service providers and their customers. The Company utilize this technology in Ele.me, a leading ondemand delivery and local services platform, to enable consumers to order food and groceries anytime and anywhere.
Koubei, a leading restaurant and local services guide platform for in-store consumption, provides targeted marketing and digital operation and analytics tools for merchants and allow consumers to discover local services content.
Fliggy, a leading online travel platform, provides comprehensive services to meet consumers’ travel needs.
Alibaba Group is the world’s third largest and Asia Pacific’s largest Infrastructure as a Service provider by revenue in 2019 in U.S. dollars, according to Gartner’s April 2020 report (Source: Gartner, Market Share: IT Services, 2019, Dean Blackmore et al., April 13, 2020) (Asia Pacific refers to Mature Asia/Pacific, Greater China, Emerging Asia/Pacific and Japan,and market share refers to Infrastructure as a Service and Managed Services and Cloud Infrastructure Services).
Alibaba Group is also China’s largest provider of public cloud services by revenue in 2019, including Platform as a Service, or PaaS, and IaaS services, according the IDC (Source: IDC Semiannual Public Cloud Services Tracker, 2019).
Alibaba Cloud, cloud computing business, offers a complete suite of cloud services, including elastic computing, database, storage, network virtualization services, large-scale computing, security, management and application services, big data analytics, a machine learning platform and IoT services, serving digital economy and beyond. Prior to the 11.11 global shopping festival in 2019, Alibaba Cloud enabled the migration of the core systems of e-commerce businesses onto public cloud.
Digital Media and Entertainment
Digital media and entertainment is a natural extension of our strategy to capture consumption beyond core commerce businesses. Insights we gain from our core commerce business and our proprietary data technology enable us to deliver relevant digital media and entertainment content to consumers.
This synergy delivers a superior entertainment experience, increases customer loyalty and return on investment for enterprises, and improves monetization for content providers across the digital economy.
Youku, the third largest online long-form video platform in China in terms of monthly active users in March 2020, according to QuestMobile, serves as our key distribution platform for digital media and entertainment content.
In addition, Alibaba Pictures is an Internet-driven integrated platform that covers content production, promotion and distribution, intellectual property licensing and integrated management, cinema ticketing management and data services for the entertainment industry.
Youku, Alibaba Pictures and our other content platforms, such as news feeds, literature, and music, allow users to discover and consume content as well as interact with each other.